This week is extremely light in terms of the number of economic reports that are scheduled for release that may influence mortgage rates. In fact, there is only one monthly report scheduled and it is not considered to be highly important to the markets. There are several Treasury auctions scheduled during the week, but only two of them are worth watching. This makes it likely that stock movement will heavily influence bond trading and mortgage rates several days.
June’s Trade Balance is the only monthly economic data, scheduled to be posted early Tuesday morning. It gives us the size of the U.S. trade deficit but is considered to be of low importance to the bond market and usually has little impact on mortgage rates. Analysts are expecting to see a $43.4 billion trade deficit, but it will take a wide variance to directly influence mortgage pricing.
The two important Treasury auctions will take place during the middle part of the week. The 10-year Note auction will be held Wednesday while 30-year Bonds will be sold Thursday. We often see some weakness in bonds ahead of the sales as the firms participating prepare for them. However, as long as they are met with decent demand from investors, the firms usually buy them back. This tends to help recover any presale losses. But, if the sales are met with a lackluster interest from investors- particularly international buyers, the bond market may move lower after the results are posted and mortgage rates may move higher. Those results will be announced at 1:00 PM each sale day.
Also worth noting are several speaking engagements by multiple Fed members this week. These appearances are common and many go unnoticed on a regular basis. However, with no important economic data scheduled to drive bond trading and the broader financial markets, their words will draw even more attention than usual. Especially since last Friday’s Employment report disappointed many analysts and there is now more debate about when the Fed may start tapering their current bond-buying program (QE3). Any statements related to that topic during their speeches this week will become extremely newsworthy and could easily affect mortgage rates.
Overall, it is difficult to label one particular day as the most important with so little to choose from. It will be interesting to see if Friday’s bond rally will hold in Monday’s trading. If so, we should see an improvement in rates Monday due to improvements in bonds late Friday afternoon. I never recommend straying far from your mortgage professional if still floating an interest rate, however, the markets and mortgage pricing are likely going to be a calmer the next several days than they have during recent weeks. That is unless, something unexpected happens, which is always a possibility.